An air conditioner is an air conditioning system designed to cool a room or the entire house. The basic idea behind any air conditioner is evaporation. When a liquid evaporates it feels cool.
The air conditioner has three main parts. They have a compressor, a condenser and an evaporator.
The compressor and condenser are usually located on the outside air portion of the air conditioner. The evaporator is located on the inside of the house, sometimes as part of a furnace.
An Air conditioner contains a liquid that evaporates a lot like alcohol but evaporates at a much lower temperature. You can prefer to visit http://www.artisanair.com.au/air-conditioning-bangalow.html to know more about air conditioners.
As the liquid changes to gas and evaporates, it extracts heat from the air around it. The heat in the air is needed to separate the molecules for the fluid from a liquid to a gas.
The evaporator has metal fins to help in the exchange the thermal energy with the surrounding air. It evaporates inside a set of metal coils and the liquid makes the coils extremely cold.
A fan blows across the coils and that air is what cools your house down. It then returns to the compressor to begin its trip all over again.
To turn that gas back into a liquid, you use a compressor. The compressor squeezes the gas and gets really hot in the process.
It is a continuous cycle with the gas turning into a liquid turning back into a gas while your house is getting cool the entire time. This continues over and over until the room reaches the temperature you desire.
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